Casacalenda

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UN MAGNIFICO ALBUM FOTOGRADICO SU CASACALENDA


Informazioni generali

I 67 Kmq. di territorio casacalendese sono costituiti da colline allineate irregolarmente sui solchi vallivi del Biferno e del Cigno, sono pendii con i fianchi ritagliati, senza apparente rigore geometrico, dai campi di grano duro, intercalati da secolari uliveti e da vaste superfici boschive. Qui soffiano periodicamente sferzanti venti orografici (bora). Tassi, ricci, piccoli roditori, uccelli stanziali e migratori, più di cento varietà di farfalle trovano il loro regno incontrastato.
Tanta natura, sostanzialmente incontaminata, è divisa con  2500 abitanti circa riuniti nel centro urbano e dediti soprattutto all'agricoltura, interessata da tempo anche al recupero del biologico e relativa trasformazione della particolare ortofrutta da parte di cooperative di produzione e lavoro. Queste ultime operano da circa un ventennio anche nel settore manifatturiero ed assistenziale in genere. Voce economica non meno significativa è l'agriturismo che dà modo di apprezzare la gentilezza delle persone, la sana gastronomia, l'arte che in ogni epoca ha lasciato la sua geniale espressione e quel silenzio utile alla nostra ricostruzione.(Sito Comune)


Casacalenda.

Mon village d'origine s'appelle Casacalenda. Ses traits sociaux et culturels reflètent, d'une certaine manière, la culture de toute la région du Molise.

Un des premiers auteurs qui ont écrit de Casacalenda, fut l'historien romain Polibio (217 a J.C.) en rappelant qu' Hannibal, pendant la deuxième guerre punique, avait établi à Kalena un campement, appelé Gerione et dont les traces sont encore présentes sur les lieux aujourd'hui.

Le nom de Casacalenda changea souvent pendant les siècles (Kalena, Arx Calena, Kalenda, Casa Arcolenda, Casalchilenda), jusqu'au nom d'aujourd'hui, Casacalenda. À partir du douzième siècle, le village avec son territoire fut la propriété des seigneurs de l'époque. De 1580 à 1806 fut gouverné par les ducs Di Sangro, qui en 1789, le soumirent à la République de Naples, sous domination française.

Les statistiques nous révèlent que la population du village vit une grande croissance entre les années 1500 et les années 1900 (1532 : 625 habitants; 1669 : 760; 1710 : 1203; 1780 : 2103; 1810 : 4379; 1861 : 6044; 1901 : 7282). Et même si le village subir des moments tragiques  (le  tremblement de terre de 1456 et la peste de 1654), la seule vraie tragédie fut celle de l'émigration du dix neuvième siècle qui fit baisser la population à moins de 3000 habitants.

Le village de Casacalenda a conservé intact la partie médiévale, avec ses portiques, ses rues étroites, le palais ducal et l'église Santa Maria Maggiore. Dans ce conteste il est facile d'imaginer l'époque féodale, quand le seul propriétaire du village était le Seigneur ou le Duc et où la classe prédominante était celle des serfs, suivie, en plus petit nombre, de la classe des artisans qui jouaient un rôle important dans le village.

Casacalenda, comme beaucoup d'autres villages du Molise, resta isolé de toute influence extérieure pendant plusieurs siècles, ce qui a eu comme unique avantage de conserver pendant longtemps les traditions locales.

Casacalenda, comme beaucoup de villages du Molise, s'est distinguée par le nombre de personnages célèbres, des hommes politiques, des artistes, des penseurs et des écrivains, en particulier pendant le dernier siècle.

Je rappelle ici certains : D'Episcopo (philosophe), Catalani (compositeur), Libertucci (sculpteur), Cerri, Romagnuolo, Rimanelli (écrivains). Aujourd'hui, les gens du village, ainsi que ceux qui ont émigré un peu partout dans le monde, restent très attachés à leur lieu natal, parce que l'histoire et les traditions ont laissé des racines profondes dans leur coeur.
 

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Origin/Meaning:

The K in the arms stands for Kalena, which is the local dialect name for Casacalenda. The simple crown above the arms represents the Duchy that once was centered around this little village. In fact you can still see remnants of the Duke's castle in the village. The arms are very simple as this small Duchy was never very big, powerful or prominent.
Literature : Anonymous : 500 Stemmi di comuni Italiani. Milano, 1940; background provided by J Gallagher (james.gallagher2@sympatico.ca)

Links su Casacalenda

http://www.portaleitalia.net/casacalenda.htm
http://www.enduromania.it/Paesi/Casacalenda.htm
http://www.ilmolise.net/percorsi/Sacro/sacro_05_e.htm
http://www.geocities.com/duronia/calenda.html
http://web.tiscali.it/zionofrio/casacalenda_is.htm
http://www.amicomol.com/comunimolisanimol.html
http://web.tiscali.it/zionofrio/foto%20principale.htm
http://web.tiscali.it/zionofrio/appuntamenti_culturali.htm
http://web.tiscali.it/zionofrio/fondazione.htm
http://web.tiscali.it/zionofrio/galleria_civica_d.htm
http://web.tiscali.it/zionofrio/centro%20studi.htm
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/6768/
http://www.lipu.it/Oasi/oasi_35_casacalenda.htm
http://www.lipu.it/Oasi/oasi_53_centrocasacalenda.htm
http://morronedelsannio.tripod.com/casacalenda.html
http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec/board/an/surnames.mastrovito
http://www.amiciriuniti.it/index.cfm?fuseaction=registrationStep4&catalog_id=38065


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  UN MAGNIFICO ALBUM FOTOGRAFICO SUL MOLISE


 
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Among hills between the Biferno and Cigno rivers, in a landscape covered by woods and olive trees, the little town is still today a mainly agricultural center, and more recently a destination for tourists in search of the serenity of the countryside, the healthy food, the uncontaminated nature. The historical center is a jewel of alleys and narrow flights of steps going down the hills into the countryside.

History - Greek historian Polibios Polibio mentions a battle in 217 BC between the Roman army, based in Kalene, and Hannibal based in Gerione (now a hamlet of Casacalenda). The ancient coat of arms still shows a letter "K" in the initials, and actually the name might have been derived from the Latin Kalendae, the first day of the month in the Roman calendar, where traditionally markets used to be kept, and this center was probably the meeting point of all the craftsmen and farmers of the area. In the Middle Ages the craft of vase and brick making was a source of trade and wealth for the town. Among its feudal lords were the Di Sangro family, whose palace is still extant in the historical center. The ruinous earthquake of 1456 and 1688 left their deep marks in the architecture of homes and churches.

A tragic episode took place in February 1799 when Albanese mercenaries, sent by Duke Scipione Di Sangro who resented the liberal government of local Mastrogiurato Don Domenico De Gennaro, attacked Casacalenda. Don Domenico, hoping to save his town, went to meet the attackers who slew him treacherously on the Campomarino beach. In the years 1940-1943 Casacalenda hosted a concentration camp for Jewish and politically dissident women.

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WHAT TO SEE:

  • Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, very ancient, as proven by a stone cross of the 9th century AD in the Byzantine style, on a lateral lunette in the facade.
  • Monastery of Sant'Onofrio founded in 1407 by Padre Giovanni from Scontrone and completed by Blessed Tommaso from Firenze, with a beautiful cloister and relics of frescos under the arches; the annexed church is rich in art works: 17th-century paintings of the Venetian school, behind the altar a magnificent representation of the Nativity by painter Santafede, in the choir another precious painting by Paolo Gamba from Ripabottoni, in the lateral altar of St. Joseph the altar-piece in marble representing Dead Christ by Sammartino and a 15th century painting representing St. Joseph by Antonio Solario, alias Lo Zingaro.
  • The Sanctuary of Maria Santissima della Difesa, built in 1898 on the place where rose a giant oak called "quercia della Madonna", which was believed to be a holy place where miracles had occurred. On the fourth Sunday of September (since then a religious festivity) a statue of the Virgin Mary by Florentine artist Amalia Dupré was brought here. In the Sanctuary there is a rich treasures of all the gifts left by those who had their prayers fulfilled, and in Montreal (Canada) in the district of Mile-End, the emigrants from Casacalenda founded in 1921 their own Chiesa della Madonna della Difesa.
  • Gerione, a nearby center as ancient as Casacalenda, mostly abandoned after the 1456 earthquake, an object today of archeological studies.


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