This section has been developped in order to offer to the users a culturals resourcein english language.  But the main objective is to catch up the Molisani
 that lives in North America and Australia.

The elements contained in this section are culture, arts, medias, internet,  travel and
and some curiosity.  I wish to the Molisani  living in the english countries, to enjoy
this page that as been specialy prepared for you.

It's a long History

The word Italia appears on a coin dating back to the 1st century BC which was minted by the confederation of the Italic peoples who rose up against Rome. The coin was found in the region of Abruzzo in Corfinio, the ancient Corfinium, capital of the confederation with the name of Italica. The long Roman domination (from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD) has left an indelible mark in Italy with its roads, aqueducts, temples, monuments, towns and cities, bridges, theatres and so on - all relics and memories of a past that is remote and yet also very present, a past that can be seen in every part of the country.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, Italy was invaded and dominated for centuries by foreign populations, especially in the  south and Sicily.. Thanks to the success of independent city states in the Centre and North such as Venise, Florence, Siena, Genoa and Milan. Italy nevertheless became a flourishing and civilised country of trade and the arts. Later however, the small independent states could not hold out against the invasions of the great states of Spain and Austria. Only the small kingdom of Piedmont remained independent and after the interlude of Napoleon's occupation it became the "driving force" behind il Risorgimento, the great movement that led to the unification of Italy in 1870 under the Royal House of Savoia.

After the Second World War, in 1946 a popular referendum abolished the monarchy and proclaimed Italy a Republic. The rest is the history of recent times. An on-going, fascinating story to follow always. Italy and its regions: beyond the bounds of the big cities Is Rome in Latium or Campania? Is Milan in Veneto or Lombardy? Easy to answer for Italians perhaps, but for the rest of us it may be tricky to connect Rome, Naples, Florence, Milan and Venice with their respective regions of Latium, Campania, Lombardy and Veneto. Perhaps Tuscany is the exception in this regard as it has traditionally enjoyed a special relationship with foreigners, the British Isles and North America in particular.

The holiday that British Prime Minister Tony Blair took in Tuscany in the summer of '98 has further fortified this bond. So how can we start talking about the regions? To start with, they are main territorial administrative divisions of the Italian state and there are 20 of them: Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Latium, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Apulia, Sardinia, Sicily, Tuscany, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, the Aosta Valley, and Veneto.

  Each has accumulated a historical, artistic and cultural heritage of extraordinary value over time that offers an attractive alternative to the great art cities. So why not come and venture into an Italy which, when stepping off the beaten track of the main tourism flows, is practically unknown. The Italy of the regions: more Italy than ever before!

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History of Italy

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Every journey to Italy is always a 'tour artistique'

A trip to Italy is always a tour artistique. There are so many artistic treasures and of such quality that to describe Italy as an open-air art gallery in its own right is hardly an exaggeration. No other country in the world can vaunt the same treasures of culture and art as Italy. Indeed, half of the world's historic and artistic assets are within its boundaries (UNESCO).

Found almost everywhere and referring to every historical era, they are preserved and protected in hundreds of archaeological sites and over 3,000 museums scattered throughout the country. Tourists, visitors and academics alike may admire and study these remnants - large and small - of centuries gone by. Theatres and other buildings date back to Greek and Roman times; whole cities, roads and districts once buried have today been returned to the light by patient and skilful excavations; temples, statues, coins, inscriptions, and objects of daily use. In Italy an exceptionally rich store of memories await to remind us all of Europe's past. The imposing and often elegantly embellished Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals - built after the eleventh century - are found mainly in the Centre and North. The ancient religious architecture in the southern regions amounts instead to an enthralling crucible of Byzantine, Muslim and Norman elements. In all the regions, then, in every city and town we will find relics - from buildings to the personal affects - of a deeply rooted artistic tradition that is spread throughout Italy.

Renaissance art was the great cultural movement which began in Italy in the 15th century and which profoundly influenced the history of culture and European civilisation as a whole. The Renaissance culture placed man and the secular world again at the centre of the Universe after the marginal position Man was afforded with respect to the gods during the difficult centuries of the medieval period. Those who exemplified it and have become icons of culture itself are Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Masaccio, Botticelli, Piero della Francesca, Mantegna, Donatello, Raffaello, Antonello da Messina, Bramante, Correggio, Tintoretto, Giorgione - all artists, sculptors, painters or architects who have become known as the world's greatest exponents of artistic genius.

Their works are the source of a constant attraction for tourists and academics alike, people who are curious to unveil something of the secrets of that art which, even if produced today, would result as an expression of the breathtaking creativity. For the arts and architecture, the Renaissance is synonymous with masterpieces, inventive genius and creativity. Philosophers like Giordano Bruno and Tommaso Campanella, scientists like Copernico and Galilei, scholars like Machiavelli, poets like Ariosto, musicians like Palestrina and Monteverdi: great men of the Renaissance who, with their modern vision of the world and society that was shared and supported by a rich and enterprising bourgeoisie, succeeded in radically changing forever the way of thinking, living and creating. The great Renaissance season left its magnificent marks everywhere in Italy, not only in the great cities like Florence, Rome, Venice, Milan and Naples but also in many other centres of Italy's regions. Paintings, statues, churches, buildings, palaces and fountains: a sparkling series of signs through which the visitor can ideally reconstruct a civilisation that really did change the world. ~ Exotic Ethnic Tribal Jewelry


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When Nature is protected

The most effective way to fully protect nature and conserve it is through planned protection measures organised at state level. The amount of Italian territory under state protection in one way or another is 10%. Environmental protection laws have allowed many nature parks and reserves to be opened which are used solely for developing nature in all of its forms. In the Italian parks and nature reserves, therefore, not only are the animals untouchable but also the plants, minerals, water and even the air.

Italy has 18 National Parks, 89 Regional Parks, 270 Regional Reserves, 142 State Reserves, 47 Marsh reserves and 7 Marine Reserves, which are protected zones managed either by the State in some form - Regional Councils, Provincial Councils and Municipalities - or by the environmental and protection associations such as Italia Nostra, WWF, Lega Ambiente, Greenpeace, LIPU, Touring Club, etc.

The National Parks are: Abruzzo (the oldest, officially opened in September 1922), Gran Paradiso (opened a few months after the Abruzzo park), Circeo, Stelvio, Calabria, Pollino, Monti Sibillini, Archipelago Tuscany, the Caserta Forests, the Belluno Dolomite mountains, Aspromonte, Cilento-Valle di Diano, Gargano, Gran Sasso-Laga, Maiella, Val Grande, Vesuvius, and Gennargentu-Asinara-Golfo di Orosei. We have listed all of them to show how in Italy Nature is loved and protected as much in the North as in the South. What better reason, then, for planning a trip to at least one of Italy's "natural" attractions?


Thermal spas and well-being From water to water...

Italian spas can boast outstanding climatic conditions and are located in areas of great natural beauty. These characteristics have a positive influence on our body’s balance and contribute to general physical and mental well-being.

Therefore it is obvious that Italy’s richness in thermal and mineral waters, combined with the mildness of the climate and the beauty of the scenery, have made it a favourite venue for “health care tourism”. Since the last century hotels with extensive facilities have grown up around spas, which have established international reputations. Abano, Salsomaggiore, Chianciano, Montecatini, Fiuggi and Ischia are just a few of the names among the many which are known throughout the world and which attract millions of visitors every year.

As we already know, thermal waters have been used in Italy for therapeutic purposes since the time of the Romans when thermal waters and baths were a typical feature of town life. Italian spa resorts’ proximity to great centres of art means they are perfect bases for cultural excursions. In addition the splendid parks surrounding the most famous spas and the facilities and services made available to tourists makes them ideal holiday resorts in their own right.

Italian spas do not have solely hot water resources to offer insofar as mineral (“cold”) springs are also used for drinking purposes. The wealth of hot and mineral springs in Italy is the result of its particular geological structure which is rich in volcanic phenomena and permeated, in every sense of the word, by a dense network of groundwater channels, in North Italy many spas have sprung up on the Euganei Hills in Veneto – volcanic highlands where numerous hot springs gush out. The main form of treatment in this area is mud therapy recommended for rheumatic illnesses and problems regarding the respiratory system and female genital organs.

In the city of Abano, a rather strange legend would have that Phaeton, son of the Sun god, fell to the ground there with his chariot in flames. His fall caused waters to spring forth which were able to relieve fatigue and pain (aponon - hence the name Abano).

Moving further south, there is a series of thermal resorts in Emilia-Romagna on the foothills of the Apennines. Many of these (Tabiano, Salsomaggiore, Castrocaro) identify themselves with their thermal waters to the extent that the word terme (spa) is part of their official name. The springs have similar chemical properties (predominantly sulphurous, and often containing sodium chloride, iodide or bromide). They are recommended for a wide range of afflictions: metabolic disorders, respiratory and vascular problems and skin diseases.

Thermal spas and well-being... from spa to spa

Tuscany is another Italian region with a high concentration of spas whose waters were already in use in ancient times and are still popular today, including Saturnia, Roselle, Chianciano and Chiusi. During the last century Tuscan thermal spas underwent great changes. Resorts such as Montecatini and Chianciano are no longer exclusive holiday resorts and have equipped themselves to cater for a growing number of visitors. Montecatini and Chianciano have gradually become more and more important and statistics prove the reputation they have acquired. Montecatini can boast 1,700,000 visitors per year (a quarter of these coming from abroad) while Chianciano can boast 1,860,000 visitors per year (180,000 foreigners).

The spa resorts in Lazio are linked to the volcanic activity which has shaped the morphology of much of the region. Bagni di Tivoli, on the outskirts of the capital and Fiuggi, further south, are especially well known. Fiuggi waters are especially noted for the treatment of kidney stones and their fame has led to the development of over two hundred and fifty hotels.

In southern Italy the numerous spas forming an arc around the Gulf of Naples are extremely important. This is one of the most active volcanic zones in Italy, characterised by large layers of magma located close to the surface.

Ischia is among the most famous thermal spas in Italy and abroad. Its radioactive waters are particularly recommended for arthritis, rheumatism, obesity and metabolic disorders.

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