LARINUM
 
 
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                       Campagna Larinese                      Cattedrale                        Larino vecchio


Un Omaggio a mio padre  Franco Francesco nato a Larino nel 1900

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Altitude: 340 m a.s.l
Territory: hilly
Population: ca. 8000 inhabitants
Zip code: 86035
Phone Area Code: 0874
Patron Saint: San Pardo on 25-27 May
Frazioni & Località: Travaglini Vizzarri


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This little town is an important producer of wheat and oil, and is also notable for the many remains of different historical periods. It was a key center of the Frentani for its position on the borderline with Apulia, and since pre-Roman times a special worship of Mars, the war god, was here recorded. In 217 BC the Romans defeated Hannibal here. Later on it became a Roman "municipium" and its inhabitants were granted Roman citizenship, then under Augustus it was included in the Secunda Regio (Apulia). The ancient Roman town was located in the area now called Piano San Leonardo, which is an important archeological site.
 
This little town is an important producer of wheat and oil, and is also notable for the many remains of different historical periods. It was a key center of the Frentani for its position on the borderline with Apulia, and since pre-Roman times a special worship of Mars, the war god, was here recorded. In 217 BC the Romans defeated Hannibal here. Later on it became a Roman "municipium" and its inhabitants were granted Roman citizenship, then under Augustus it was included in the Secunda Regio (Apulia). The ancient Roman town was located in the area now called Piano San Leonardo, which is an important archeological site.
 
WHAT TO SEE:
  • The Townhall, previously the mansion of the Carafa and Sangro lords, with a solar clock coming from the Roman ruins of Larinum, inside also Roman tombstones and mosaics of the 3rd century AD.
  • Church of San Francesco. Beautiful art works inside: in the dome, a fresco with Mary crowned by Jesus, by Paolo Gamba (1717-1782) from Ripabottoni; over the door a painting with Jesus driving the merchants out of the Temple, probably by Francesco Solimena (1657-1747) from Canale.
  • The Cathedral of the Assunta and San Pardo, a gothic church completed in 1319, with a magnificent portal made by Francesco Petrini from Lanciano, surmounted by a lunette with a high-relief. Over the portal, a giant rosewindow in the Apulian style. The interior, divided into 3 naves and restored to its pristine austere forms in the 1950's, houses beautiful art pieces, among them a silver bust of St. Pardo and low-reliefs in carved wood telling the story of the translation of the Body of San Pardo from Lucera to Larino in the year 842. Right of the facade rises a massive bell-tower in bricks.
  • The Ancient historical center, with medieval mansions, alleys and towers, which create a very special atmosphere.
  • The Ara Frentana, just outside the town, near the railway station, where many fragments of the ancient Larinum are collected.
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    La città di Larino è ricca di un notevole numero di edifici come il castello che si trova all'interno del centro storico. La sua costruzione è stata attribuita a due diversi feudatari: Ruggiero Dragone (periodo svevo) e Roberto De Cusenza (periodo angioino), anche se presenta caratteristiche tipiche dello stile svevo o longobardo. Il castello, robusto e austero, presentava una forma quadrangolare munita ai quattro lati di una torre e di tre fortini, grazie ai quali l'edificio svolgeva la precisa funzione di sentinella e di difesa a vantaggio del territorio circostante. L'accesso era permesso grazie ad una ripida e ampia scalinata che iniziava nel piazzale del Convento di S. Francesco e terminava nella corte quadrangolare con porticato che regge, ancora oggi, un loggiato con ampi archi. Oggi il castello ospita il Museo Civico in cui si conservano preziose lapidi antiche e mosaici di epoca romana (I, II e III secolo). ........
     
    ....Larino rappresenta la continuità di un impianto urbano già molto solido ed evoluto nel IV sec. e di cui si possono ammirare i muri perimetrali di edifici recentemente scoperti. Dopo la vittoria dei Romani sui Frentani nel 319 a.C., Larino assurse a res publica Larinatium per volontà dei vincitori che ne fecero un centro chiave per controllare i Sanniti Pentri. L’affiorare dappertutto di testimonianze antiche ne fa un grande parco archeologico in cui si sono susseguite e sovrapposte più civiltà. ....
    ....L’intera piana romana è stata individuata tra Piana S. Leonardo e Via Torre S. Anna, ove sono affiorati edifici, terme, tempio di Apollo, mosaici, l’anfiteatro. Quest’ultimo è edificato sul margine occidentale della Piana di S. Leonardo, laddove sorgeva la città romana. E’ da ricondurre alla categoria degli edifici a struttura mista di cui ne rappresenta, per le sue particolarità, una variante. La cavea, per un’altezza di m. 6-7 dal piano terra, è scavata, infatti, nella collina di tufo piuttosto friabile. Solo la parte superiore è costituita da strutture murarie. La sua forma è ovale, con curva policentrica, e dispone di quattro ingressi anch’essi scavati nel banco di tufo: due principali, nord e sud, alle estremità dell’asse maggiore, e due secondarie alle estremità dell’asse minore est-ovest. L’arena, completamente riportata alla luce, è interamente scavata nel banco di tufo: il suo piano, piuttosto irregolare, convesso al centro, degradante verso l’euripo, conserva ancora i segni di lavorazione del piccone. La forma pressoché ellittica dell’arena consentiva la perfetta visibilità da ogni punto della cavea poiché, contemporaneamente avvenivano più combattimenti. L’anfiteatro doveva soddisfare due esigenze principali: la visibilità e la sicurezza: la prima era assicurata dalla forma ellittica in pendenza della cavea, la seconda dal numero adeguato di accesssi.
     
    LARINO (anc. Larinum) a town and episcopal see of the Molise (province of Campobasso), Italy, 32 m. N.E. of Campobasso by rail (20 m. direct), 984 ft. above sea-level. Pop. (1901) 7044. The cathedral, completed in 1319, has a good Gothic faade; the interior has to some extent been spoilt by later restoration. The campanile rests upon a Gothic arch erected in 1451. The Palazzo Comunale has a courtyard of the 16th century. That the ancient town (which is close to the modern) existed before the Roman supremacy had extended so far is proved by the coins. It lay in the 2nd Augustan region ......

    .... The town was a municipium, situated on the main road to the S.E., which left the coast at Histonium (Vasto) and ran from Larinum E. to Sipontum. From Larinum a branch road ran to Bovianum Vetus. Remains of its city walls, of its amphitheatre and also of baths, &c., exist, and it did not cease to be inhabited until after the earthquake of 1300, when the modern city was established. Cluentius, the client of Cicero, who delivered a speech in his favor, was a native of Larinum, his father having been praetor of the allied forces in the Social War. (T. As-)

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    Halfway between Campobasso and Térmoli, LARINO is considerably more attractive than most Molise towns, its medieval centre clasped in the valley, relatively untouched by the concrete and pace of the modern industrial town that supports it. The highlight is its cathedral, but there are also some minor Roman relics in its small museum and a neglected amphitheatre in the modern town.

    To the left of the train station, Via Gramsci leads down to old Larino. The main street widens out at Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, backing onto which is the Palazzo Ducale, whose museum (Mon–Fri 8am–2pm & 3.30pm –6.30pm; free) contains large Roman mosaics and a hoard of coins. On Via Gramsci, about halfway between the station and the centro storico, there's a garden that also has Roman ruins, including capitals and columns, and a sacrificial altar called the Ara Frentana. Close by is the Duomo, built in the early fourteenth century just after the town had been flattened by an earthquake and sacked by the Saracens, with an intricately carved Gothic portal....

    ...Larino once had 13,000 residents, but emigration took away many of its sons, and now the population hovers around 7,000. Every August, however, the town fills up, and the streets are full of cars with license plates from Torino, Milan, Germany, and Belgium.
    Originally Larino was just a small town nestled in the valley below what is now the major part of the city. The upper area was once an extensive Roman site, including an amphitheater, the remains of which you can visit. Much of the rest has been built over to create modern Larino. This is the area that has many of the hotels and services you will use, but you should devote much of your visit to the old town below.

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    100% Molisano is an extravirgin olive oil characterized by its green color with golden reflexes, its yielded medium smell, its evident herbaceous notes and its lightly bitter and spicy flavour. The oil is produced exclusively from “cultivar” cultivated in the territory of Molise.
    <> ......The production of olive oil in Molise is limited but of a very good quality. The main types of olives cultivated are the "gentile di Larino", the "leccino", the "tenera ascolana" and the "nocellare etnea". The areas dedicated to olive cultivation are those of the hillsides around Campobasso, above all at Larino, San Martino in Pensilis and Guglionesi. The differences are minimal and are due both to the different types of olive trees grown and to the characteristics of the land and the altitude of the olive groves. In the area of San Martino in Pensilis, for example, where the olive groves stretch over the hillsides from an altitude going from sixty five to eight hundred metres above sea level, the experts are able to individuate in the oil produced a strong aroma and a fruity flavour which is slightly almondy with hints of artichoke. On the hillsides of Upper Molise, between seven and eight hundred metres above s.l., the olive trees of the types "gentile del Molise", "leccino" and "coratina" produce an oil which is opalesque, yellow-green in colour with an intense aroma and a delicately fruity flavour.
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    < style="color: rgb(51, 153, 153);">Some farms propose olives preserved in brine which have been prepared in various ways: whole, stoned, preserved in oil, seasoned with chilli pepper and other aromas.
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    La raccolta dell'ulivo inizio 1900
     
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